Light intensity talks about the ten key points of LED fluorescent lamp power supply design

At present, the LED fluorescent lamp market is relatively active, and LED drive power manufacturers are mainly divided into three major types:
The first category is the development of a factory that makes LED chips or LED lights. It is infiltrated downstream, and there is not much knowledge of LED power supply circuit knowledge and LED fluorescent lamp power knowledge.
The second category is the original factory that is doing general lighting. Everyone has entered a new product field, and knows a little about LED power circuit knowledge, but not much;
The third category is completely new factories. They used to do power or other products or new ventures, and they have some knowledge of LED power supplies, and some don't know much about them.
LED fluorescent lamp power supply is a very important component of LED fluorescent lamp. If it is not properly selected, LED fluorescent lamp can not play its proper performance, and may even not be able to use normal lighting. Below I made some small suggestions for LED fluorescent lighting, for your reference.
1. Why should LED fluorescent lamp power supply be constant?
The characteristics of LED semiconductors determine that they are greatly affected by the environment. For example, if the temperature rises, the current of the LED will increase. When the voltage increases, the current of the LED will also increase. Long-term operation beyond the rated current will greatly shorten the service life of the LED. The LED constant current is to ensure that its operating current does not change when environmental factors such as temperature and voltage change.
2. How can the LED fluorescent lamp power supply match the lamp panel?
Some customers first design the light board, then find the power supply, and find that it is difficult to have a suitable power supply, or the current is too large, the voltage is too small (such as I>350mA, V<40V); or the current is too small, the voltage is too high (such as I< 40mA, V>180V), the result is severe heat, low efficiency, or insufficient input voltage range. In fact, choosing the best string parallel connection method, the voltage and current applied to each LED is the same, and the power supply effect can achieve the best performance. The best way is to communicate with the power supply manufacturer and tailor it.
3. What is the most suitable working current for LED fluorescent lamp power supply?
The rated working current of the general LED is 20 mA. Some factories use it at the beginning, and design 20 mA. In fact, the working heat at this current is very serious. After many comparison tests, the design is 17-19 mA. Ideally, the recommended design is 18 mA.
4. What is the working voltage of the LED fluorescent lamp power supply?
The recommended working voltage of general LED is 3.0-3.5V. After testing, most of the work is 3.125V, so it is reasonable to calculate according to 3.125V. The total voltage of M lamp beads in series = 3.125*M
5. How wide is the series and parallel connection of the LED lamp board and the wide voltage?
In order to make the LED fluorescent lamp work in a wide range of input voltage range (full voltage) AC85 ~ 265V, the LED series and parallel connection of the light board is very important. Since the current power supply is generally a non-isolated buck power supply, when a wide voltage is required, the output voltage should not exceed 72V, and the input voltage range can reach 85 to 265V. In other words, the number of series is no more than 23 strings. Do not use too many parallels, otherwise the operating current is too large and the heat is severe. It is recommended to be 6 and /8 and /12. The total current does not exceed 240 mA. There is also a wide voltage scheme, which is to use L6561/7527 to raise the voltage to 400V, and then step down, which is equivalent to two switching power supplies, which cost twice as much. This solution is not cost-effective and has no market.
6. What is the relationship between LED series and parallel and PFC power factor and wide voltage?
At present, there are three kinds of power supply PFCs on the market: one is without PFC dedicated circuit, and its PFC is generally around 0.65; the other is with passive PFC circuit, the light board is well prepared, and the PFC is generally around 0.92; One uses an active active 7527/6561 circuit, and the PFC can reach 0.99, but the cost of this solution is twice as expensive as the second. So the second option is more. For passive PFC circuits: also known as valley-filled PFC circuits, the operating voltage range is half of the peak value of the AC input voltage. If the input is 180V, the peak value is 180*1.414=254V, half of the peak voltage is 127V, and the voltage drop of the buck is 30V. The maximum output is 90V, so the LED lamp bead series can be up to 28 strings. Therefore, in order to obtain a relatively large power factor, the number of series connection of the lamp bead should not be too much, otherwise, the requirement of low voltage cannot be achieved.
7, LED fluorescent lamp power supply constant current accuracy is the most appropriate?
The constant current accuracy of some power supplies on the market is too poor. Like the popular constant current schemes such as the PT4107/HV9910/BP2808/SMD802 schemes on the market, the error reaches ±8% or ±10%, and the constant current error is too large. The general requirement is ±3%. According to the error of 3%, 6 channels are connected in parallel, and the error of each channel is about ±0.5%. If it is 12-way parallel, the error of each channel is about ±0.25%, which is enough. The accuracy is too high and the cost will increase greatly. And for LEDs, 17 mA and 17.5 mA have little effect.
8, isolated / non-isolated
Generally, if the isolated power supply is made of 15W and placed in the LED tube , the transformer is very large and difficult to put in. Especially for T6/T8 lamps, it is almost impossible, so the isolation can only be 15W, less than 15W, and the price is very expensive. Therefore, the cost performance of isolation is not high, generally non-isolated is more mainstream, the volume can be made smaller, the minimum can be as high as 8 mm, in fact, non-isolated security measures are done, there is no problem.
9, LED fluorescent lamp power efficiency
Output power (output LED voltage * output current / input power). This parameter is especially important. If the efficiency is low, it means that a large part of the input power is converted into heat. If it is installed in the lamp, it will produce a very high temperature, plus a light efficiency ratio of our LED. Dissipating heat will superimpose to produce higher temperatures. The life of all electronic components inside our power supply will decrease with the increase of temperature. Therefore, efficiency is the most fundamental factor determining the life of the power supply. The efficiency should not be too low, otherwise it will be consumed. The heat on the power supply is too large. Generally it can be more than 80%, but the efficiency is related to the matching method of the light board.
10, LED fluorescent lamp power supply size
Height is the main factor of limitation. Generally, the size of the T6 tube/T8 is required to be not too high ≤ 9 mm. The height of the T10 tube is ≤ 15 mm. The length can be longer and it is easier to dissipate heat.

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